Instantaneous Wind Speed | Instantaneous Wind Direction | Horizontal Wind Components | Vertical Wind Component | Interval Wind Speed | Interval Wind Gusts | Interval Wind Direction | Wind Shear

Wind API Parameters

Instantaneous Wind Speed

Gives the instantaneous wind speed at the indicated level.
wind_speed_<level>:<unit>
Available altitude levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously)
Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa
Available flight levels (global): FL20, FL50, FL100, FL140, FL180, FL240, FL300, FL340, FL390, FL450

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

  • Wind speed chart created with MetX. Colored areas indicate wind speeds at 10 m height, isolines denote mean sea level pressure. The grid of red numbers shows wind speed values at that location:
  • This csv output shows the wind speed at 850 hPa over Switzerland https://api.meteomatics.com/2022-09-28T00:00:00Z/wind_speed_850hPa:ms/52,5_45,12:5x5/csv
    validdate;2018-02-21 00:00:00 parameter;wind_speed_850hPa:ms data;5;6.75;8.5;10.25;12 52;10.7;8.6;6.7;6.3;6.4 50.25;12.6;10.8;9.3;8.1;10.6 48.5;14.3;13.5;13;10.3;7.7 46.75;17.9;16;0.7;8.3;0.5 45;10.3;0.1;7.4;13.8;17.9

Instantaneous Wind Direction

Gives the instantaneous wind direction at the indicated height in degrees from North. For example, a direction of 45 degrees means that the wind is coming from the Northeast.
wind_dir_<level>:d
Available altitudes levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously)

Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa


Available flight levels (global): FL20, FL50, FL100, FL140, FL180, FL240, FL300, FL340, FL390, FL450

Examples

  • Generate a csv file comparing the wind direction at 10m and 700hPa https://api.meteomatics.com/2022-09-28T00:00:00ZP2D:PT3H/wind_dir_10m:d,wind_dir_700hPa:d/47.412164,9.340652/csv
    validdate;wind_dir_10m:d;wind_dir_700hPa:d
    2017-08-03T00:00:00Z;163.8;250.2
    2017-08-03T03:00:00Z;170;239.2
    2017-08-03T06:00:00Z;191.3;228.8
    2017-08-03T09:00:00Z;244;231.8
    2017-08-03T12:00:00Z;239.4;239
    2017-08-03T15:00:00Z;243.1;241.6
    2017-08-03T18:00:00Z;234.2;247.2
    2017-08-03T21:00:00Z;240.9;250.6
    2017-08-04T00:00:00Z;249.1;248.1
    2017-08-04T03:00:00Z;240.9;221.1
    2017-08-04T06:00:00Z;263.2;226.2
    2017-08-04T09:00:00Z;319.4;236.3
    2017-08-04T12:00:00Z;322.3;257.1
    2017-08-04T15:00:00Z;314.4;255.2
    2017-08-04T18:00:00Z;301.4;256.8
    2017-08-04T21:00:00Z;269.8;260
    2017-08-05T00:00:00Z;172.2;252.3

Wind Speed: u and v components

Gives the immediate wind u and v components at the indicated level.
wind_speed_u_<level>:<unit>

wind_speed_v_<level>:<unit>
Components (surface level, u is positive for a west to east flow, v is positive for a south to north flow). Available altitudes levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously) Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

Wind Speed: vertical component (w)

Gives the immediate vertical wind component at the indicated level.
wind_speed_w_<level>:<unit>
Negative values denote rising motions and positive values denote descending motions. Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa

Available speed units: Pas, ms

Examples

Interval Wind Speed

Gives the mean, maximum or minimum wind speed over the specified interval at the indicated level.
wind_speed_<measure>_<level>_<interval>:<unit>
Available levels (global): 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously), 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa
Available flight levels (global): FL20, FL50, FL100, FL140, FL180, FL240, FL300, FL340, FL390, FL450 Available measures: mean Available Intervals: 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

Interval Wind Gusts

Gives the wind gusts over the specified interval at the indicated level:
wind_gusts_<level>_<interval>:<unit>
Available levels (global): 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously), 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa
Available flight levels (global): FL20, FL50, FL100, FL140, FL180, FL240, FL300, FL340, FL390, FL450 Available intervals: 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

Interval Wind Direction

Gives the mean wind direction over the specified interval at the indicated height in degrees:
wind_dir_mean_<level>_<interval>:d
Available levels (global): 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously), 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa
Available flight levels (global): FL20, FL50, FL100, FL140, FL180, FL240, FL300, FL340, FL390, FL450

Available intervals: 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h

Examples

Wind Shear

This parameter denotes the vertical wind shear between 850 hPa and 200 hPa and describes how the wind changes with height. The vertical wind shear is often used to assess favorbale environmental conditions for tropical cyclone formation and thunderstorm development.
wind_shear:<unit>

Available units: ms, kn

Example