The Richardson number is the ratio of buoyancy and flow shear terms. It is expressed by a dimensionless number between 0 and 10. In aviation the Richardson Number can be used to assess atmospheric turbulence. This is also referred to as Clear Air Turbulence (CAT). Values below unity indicate significant turbulence.
100hPa, 300hPa, 500hPa
- Show Richardson Number for the entire globe:
- Current situation: https://api.meteomatics.com/__replace__0T06:00:00Z/richardson_number_500hPa:idx/global:1,1/html_map
Ellrod IndexThe Ellrod Index is designed to detect regions of Clear-Air-Turbulence (CAT) in the atmosphere. It is computed based on horizontal deformation of air parcels and vertical wind shear. The unit is s-2.
- Especially suitable to detect turbulence near the jet stream; at upper level troughs and ridges, and the exit region of a jet
- Does NOT account for low level turbulence due to thunderstorms, mountain ranges, etc.
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950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa
- Ellrod Index at 700 hPa around the globe:
- Current situation: https://api.meteomatics.com/__replace__0T06:00:00Z/turbulence_ellrod_700hPa:s2/global:0.5,0.5/html_map
Turbulence CAPE Index
Turbulence index incorporating CAPE. The index is computed for the total atmospheric column and not for single layers. This index allows for checking if turbulence is present. The values range from 0 (no turbulence expected) to 1 (turbulence expected)
- Show turbulence CAPE for the entire globe:
- Current situation: https://api.meteomatics.com/__replace__0T06:00:00Z/turbulence_cape:m23s/global:1,1/html_map