Wind API Parameters

Wind Speed (instantaneous) | Instantaneous Wind Direction | Horizontal Wind Components | Vertical Wind Component | Interval Wind Speed | Interval Wind Gusts | Interval Wind Direction | Mean Wind Speed over the Last 10 Years | Wind Shear

Wind Speed (instantaneous)

Gives the instantaneous wind speed at the indicated level.
wind_speed_<level>:<unit>

Available altitude levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously)

Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL900 (continuously)

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

  • Wind speed chart created with MetX. Colored areas indicate wind speeds at 10 m height, isolines denote mean sea level pressure. The grid of red numbers shows wind speed values at that location:
    Wind speed metx
  • This csv output shows the wind speed at 850 hPa over Switzerland https://api.meteomatics.com/2024-06-14T00:00:00Z/wind_speed_850hPa:ms/52,5_45,12:5x5/csv
    validdate;2018-02-21 00:00:00 parameter;wind_speed_850hPa:ms data;5;6.75;8.5;10.25;12 52;10.7;8.6;6.7;6.3;6.4 50.25;12.6;10.8;9.3;8.1;10.6 48.5;14.3;13.5;13;10.3;7.7 46.75;17.9;16;0.7;8.3;0.5 45;10.3;0.1;7.4;13.8;17.9

Instantaneous Wind Direction

Gives the instantaneous wind direction at the indicated height in degrees from North. For example, a direction of 45 degrees means that the wind is coming from the Northeast.
wind_dir_<level>:d

Available altitudes levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously)

Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL900 (continuously)

Examples

  • Generate a csv file comparing the wind direction at 10m and 700hPa https://api.meteomatics.com/2024-06-14T00:00:00ZP2D:PT3H/wind_dir_10m:d,wind_dir_700hPa:d/47.412164,9.340652/csv
    validdate;wind_dir_10m:d;wind_dir_700hPa:d
    2017-08-03T00:00:00Z;163.8;250.2
    2017-08-03T03:00:00Z;170;239.2
    2017-08-03T06:00:00Z;191.3;228.8
    2017-08-03T09:00:00Z;244;231.8
    2017-08-03T12:00:00Z;239.4;239
    2017-08-03T15:00:00Z;243.1;241.6
    2017-08-03T18:00:00Z;234.2;247.2
    2017-08-03T21:00:00Z;240.9;250.6
    2017-08-04T00:00:00Z;249.1;248.1
    2017-08-04T03:00:00Z;240.9;221.1
    2017-08-04T06:00:00Z;263.2;226.2
    2017-08-04T09:00:00Z;319.4;236.3
    2017-08-04T12:00:00Z;322.3;257.1
    2017-08-04T15:00:00Z;314.4;255.2
    2017-08-04T18:00:00Z;301.4;256.8
    2017-08-04T21:00:00Z;269.8;260
    2017-08-05T00:00:00Z;172.2;252.3

Wind Speed: u and v components

Gives the immediate wind u and v components at the indicated level. Components (surface level, u is positive for a west to east flow, v is positive for a south to north flow).
wind_speed_u_<level>:<unit>

wind_speed_v_<level>:<unit>

Available altitudes levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously)

Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL900 (continuously)

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

Wind Speed: vertical component (w)

Gives the immediate vertical wind component at the indicated level.
wind_speed_w_<level>:<unit>
Negative values denote rising motions and positive values denote descending motions.

Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL605 (continuously)

Available speed units: Pas, ms

Examples

Interval Wind Speed

Gives the mean or minimum wind speed over the specified interval at the indicated level.
wind_speed_<measure>_<level>_<interval>:<unit>

Available levels (global): 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously), 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL900 (continuously)

Available measures: mean, min

Available Intervals: 5min, 10min, 15min, 20min, 30min, 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

Interval Wind Gusts

Gives the wind gusts over the specified interval at the indicated level:
wind_gusts_<level>_<interval>:<unit>

Available levels (global): 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously), 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available intervals: 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h

Available speed units: ms, kmh, mph, kn, bft

Examples

Interval Wind Direction

Gives the mean wind direction over the specified interval at the indicated height in degrees. According to the meteorologocial convention, the value indicates the direction from which the wind blows. For example, a wind direction of 90 degrees indicates a wind blowing from the East.
wind_dir_mean_<level>_<interval>:d

Available levels (global): 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously), 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL900 (continuously)

Available intervals: 5min, 10min, 15min, 20min, 30min, 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h

Examples

Mean Wind Speed over the Last 10 Years

Gives the mean 10m wind speed over the last 10 years on a certain date at a specific location.

wind_speed_10m_10y_mean:<unit>

Available units: ms, kmh

Examples:

Wind Shear

This parameter denotes the vertical wind shear between two levels and describes how the wind changes with height. The vertical wind shear is often used to assess favorable environmental conditions for tropical cyclone formation and thunderstorm development.
wind_shear_<upper_level>_<lower_level>:<unit>

Available altitudes levels: 2m - 20000m (continuously), 5ft - 65000ft (continuously)

Available pressure levels (global): 1000hPa, 950hPa, 925hPa, 900hPa, 850hPa, 800hPa, 700hPa, 500hPa, 300hPa, 250hPa, 200hPa, 150hPa, 100hPa, 70hPa, 50hPa, 10hPa

Available flight levels (global): FL10 - FL900 (continuously)

Available units: ms, kn

Example